CBD vs. THC: Learn the Differences

Syed Noman Husain


When it comes to cannabis, two compounds stand out: Cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). These distinct compounds are found in cannabis plants and have varying effects on the human body. Let’s explore their differences and shed light on what you need to know about these substances.

1. CBD vs. THC: What Are They?

  • CBD: Cannabidiol is a non-psychoactive compound found in cannabis. Unlike THC, it won’t get you high. Instead, CBD can promote relaxation and reduce anxiety and depression. It also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

  • THC: Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol is the psychoactive component responsible for the “high” effects of marijuana. It affects mood, perception, and mental processes.

2. Effects and Uses

  • CBD:

    • No high: CBD doesn’t produce a high.
    • Relaxation: It promotes relaxation and may help with anxiety.
    • Medicinal effects: CBD has anti-seizure properties and provides pain relief.
  • THC:

    • Euphoria: THC induces euphoria and heightened senses.
    • Changes in time perception: It alters how we perceive time.
    • Tachycardia: THC increases heart rate and appetite.

3. Legality and Detection

  • CBD:

    • Technically legal federally.
    • State legality varies by state.
    • Not detected on drug tests unless the preparation contains THC.
  • THC:

    • Not legal federally.
    • State legality varies.
    • Detected on drug tests.

4. Hemp vs. Marijuana

  • Hemp:

    • Contains no more than 0.3% THC (by dry weight).
    • Cannot get you high.
  • Marijuana:

    • Contains 5%–20% THC.
    • Psychoactive.

5. Synthetic vs. Natural

  • Synthetic CBD:

    • Made in a lab with chemical or biological ingredients.
  • Natural CBD:

    • Extracted from cannabis plants.


Understanding the differences between CBD and THC is crucial, especially as these compounds gain popularity for their potential health benefits. Whether you’re seeking relaxation or medicinal effects, knowing the distinctions will guide your choices.

Remember, always consult a healthcare professional before using any cannabis-related products. Happy learning! 🌿

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